Sprains & Strains

A muscle is a band or bundle of tissue that has the ability to contract, producing movement in or maintaining the position of parts of the body. Muscle strains or a pulled muscle can happen in any muscle, but are more common in your shoulders, neck, hamstring, thigh or lower back.

How Do I Know If I Have a Muscle Strain
A muscle strain results from overuse or hyperextension. In some cases, the muscle may actually be torn. Symptoms include:


  • Pain that does not subside
  • Numbness in the affected area
  • Limited Movement
  • Muscle spasms


 

How to Treat a Muscle Strain
Symptoms of mild to moderate muscle strains are usually gone within a few weeks. More severe strains may take months to heal. Mild to moderate strains can be successfully treated at home with ice, heat and anti-inflammatory medications. Severe strains or tears may require medical treatment. Diagnostic imaging may be necessary to learn the extent of the damage to your muscle. Depending on the severity, physical therapy may be required. In the severest cases, surgical repair may be necessary.

 

What Is a Sprain
A sprain, also known as a torn ligament, is damage to one or more ligaments in a joint, often caused by trauma or the joint being taken beyond its functional range of motion. Sprains can occur in any joint but are most common in the ankle and wrist. You may have a strain if you have, but not limited to, the following:


  • Swelling
  • Tenderness
  • Bruising
  • Pain
  • Limited use of the affected area
  • Skin discoloration
  • Stiffness


 

 

How to Treat a Sprain

 

 


  • Rest. Avoid activities that cause pain, swelling or discomfort
  • Ice. Use an ice pack or ice bath to reduce swelling
  • Compression. To help stop swelling, compress with an elastic bandage until the swelling stops
  • Elevate


When to Seek an Experienced Healthcare Professional
If your symptoms have not subsided after a few days or become worse, please come in for an appointment. Seek help at any of our Oklahoma or Kansas urgent care clinics by appointment or walk-in today.